The international noise control engineering community should develop an open, collaborative data-sharing environment in which researchers can deposit and access data from community noise surveys e. Policy agencies should conduct extensive surveys around at least six U. These surveys should serve as models of good survey practices, including data recording and archiving to ensure that they are useful for future studies. The impact of man-made noise in national parks and other quiet environments is another parameter that is not well modeled by the metrics used to assess the impact of noise around airports or roads.
Detection of the sound and distinguishing between man-made and natural sounds are important because human reactions to man-made and natural sounds differ. If one goal of the national parks is to preserve places of natural beauty, then the natural soundscape of a park, which is an aspect of its beauty, should also be preserved. Preserving wildlife is essential to preserving the ecostructure of a park.
The U. Department of the Interior should fund the development of metrics to support noise management decisions in national parks and other quiet environments. Final Report. Le Masurier, J.
Bates, J. Taylor, I. Flindell, D. Humpheson, C. Pownall, and A. ANSI S ANSI S3. Beranek, L.
chapter and author info
Kryter, and L. Reaction of people to exterior aircraft noise. Noise Control — CALM Network. Research for a Quieter Europe in Eagan, M. Supplemental metrics to communication aircraft noise effects. EC European Commission. Green Paper on Future Noise Policy.
COM 96 EPA U. Environmental Protection Agency. Fidell, S.
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Parsimonious alternative to regression analysis for characterizing prevalence rates of aircraft noise annoyance. Noise Control Engineering Journal 52 2 — Barber, and T.
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Miedema, H. Environmental Health Perspectives — Exposure-response relationships for transportation noise. Demographic and attitudinal factors that modify annoyance from transportation noise. Schomer, P. On normalizing DNL to provide better correlation with response. Sound and Vibration 36 12 — Criteria for assessment of noise annoyance. Noise Control Engineering Journal 53 4 — Schultz, T. Synthesis of social surveys on noise annoyance. Stevens, K. Rosenblith, and R. Transport Canada. Aviation-Land Use in the Vicinity of Airports. Aircraft Noise, 8th ed. Von Gierke, H. Noise: how much is too much?
Noise Control Engineering Journal 5 1 — Yano, T. Sato, and T. Exposure to noise at home, at work, while traveling, and during leisure activities is a fact of life for all Americans. At times noise can be loud enough to damage hearing, and at lower levels it can disrupt normal living, affect sleep patterns, affect our ability to concentrate at work, interfere with outdoor recreational activities, and, in some cases, interfere with communications and even cause accidents.
Clearly, exposure to excessive noise can affect our quality of life. As the population of the United States and, indeed, the world increases and developing countries become more industrialized, problems of noise are likely to become more pervasive and lower the quality of life for everyone. Efforts to manage noise exposures, to design quieter buildings, products, equipment, and transportation vehicles, and to provide a regulatory environment that facilitates adequate, cost-effective, sustainable noise controls require our immediate attention.
Technology for a Quieter America looks at the most commonly identified sources of noise, how they are characterized, and efforts that have been made to reduce noise emissions and experiences. The book also reviews the standards and regulations that govern noise levels and the federal, state, and local agencies that regulate noise for the benefit, safety, and wellness of society at large. In addition, it presents the cost-benefit trade-offs between efforts to mitigate noise and the improvements they achieve, information sources available to the public on the dimensions of noise problems and their mitigation, and the need to educate professionals who can deal with these issues.
Noise emissions are an issue in industry, in communities, in buildings, and during leisure activities. As such, Technology for a Quieter America will appeal to a wide range of stakeholders: the engineering community; the public; government at the federal, state, and local levels; private industry; labor unions; and nonprofit organizations. Implementation of the recommendations in Technology for a Quieter America will result in reduction of the noise levels to which Americans are exposed and will improve the ability of American industry to compete in world markets paying increasing attention to the noise emissions of products.
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